Answers to Animals Quiz

1. A. Gray Fox

The gray fox frequently climbs trees to escape from predators. It will also climb to forage for food in the tree. Sometimes, foxes sleep in trees.

2. B. River Otters

River otters have hollow hairs which insulate them from cold water. They also have valved noses and ears to keep water out.

3. C. Salmon

Salmon are an anadromous fish. They spend part of their lives in fresh water, then travel out to sea and live in salt water. When they are ready to reproduce, they travel back upriver to the streams where they were born to spawn and die.

4. B. Amphibians

Amphibians young hatch from eggs laid in the water. The young have gills and feed on underwater plants until they metamorphose and turn into land-dwelling forms.

5. B. Shrew

Some species of shrews are the world’s smallest mammals. They can be less than two inches long. Shrews are insectivores. (They eat insects.) They are nocturnal and live on the ground. They are related to moles.

6. D. All of the above

Canids are members of the dog family. Foxes, coyotes and wolves are all carnivorous hunters as well as mammals. They prey on a variety of mammals and birds.

7. D. Gills

Mammals do not have gills. They breathe through lungs. Fish and young amphibians have gills. Dolphins, porpoises and whales are aquatic mammals that have lungs. They must surface to breathe.

8. False

The bobcat has a short tail. It grows 6 to 8 inches long.

9. B. Amphibians

Frogs, salamanders, toads, and newts are all amphibians. They live close to water. Young are hatched from eggs which are laid underwater. The young live in the water until they metamorphose into land-dwelling forms.

10. C. California Valley Quail

The California Valley Quail is the state bird of California. The call may be heard frequently in many areas of the state. The birds have a distinctive tuft of dark feathers atop the head.

11. C. Steller’s Jay

Steller’s Jays are skilled at imitating this call. They also make a variety of other sounds, some not very musical. They call raucously near campgrounds and their habit of grabbing food from picnic tables has earned them the nickname of camp robbers.

12. D. Lynx

The lynx is a carnivore. It may sometimes nibble on grass, but it doesn’t eat wood as do the other animals in the list. Termites feed mainly on wood. They have protozoans living in the intestines which help them digest cellulose. Porcupines will gnaw on bark and wood. Beavers are well-known for their ability to cut down trees and use them to build dams. They also eat some wood.

13. C. Porcupines cannot shoot their quills.

Porcupines cannot shoot their quills. The porcupine must slap the attacker with its tail. Quills are loosely attached and, once embedded in an animal, will work their way in deeper. Quills have barbs on one end.

14. False

Black bears in some areas do not hibernate all winter. Black bears are not true hibernators. They will go into a deep sleep for a few months, but are not completely dormant. They can rouse from their sleep and walk around.

15. D. All of the above.

The chemical that skunks spray is called methyl mercaptan. A skunk can hit a target fifteen to twenty feet away. The spotted skunk will do a handstand right before it sprays. When threatened, a skunk stamps its feet, hisses, and sprays the offender.

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Copyright 1997, 2007, 2016. Text and drawings by Kim A. Cabrera

Page updated: January 26, 2016.

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