Black-tailed Deer

Odocoileus hemionus columbianus


Fawns are born in the late spring, around late May to early June. Mating occurs in the fall, but deer have delayed implantation, so the fawns are born after the winter months have passed. Foods are difficult to find in winter, so delayed implantation allows the deer to be successful in reproduction. More fawns survive than if they had been born in the middle of winter.

                    hidden in the grass

Fawns rely on their camouflage and stillness to hide them while waiting for their mothers. Newborns are a bit wobbly on their new legs, so they often hide nearby while the mother feeds. She doesn't leave them alone for long and never wanders too far away. If you find a fawn all by itself, don't take it away! The mother deer is likely nearby and just waiting for you to leave so she can come back to her baby.

can you find the fawn hidden in this grass?

Fawns are very good at hiding themselves in the brush. I found this one only because a raven was in a tree above, making a racket because it saw the fawn below. I followed the raven's cries and found the fawn.

fawn playing in the grass
This little one was feeling frisky and leaping about in the grass.
fawn kicking up its heels
Leaping fawn
fawn running away using the stotting gait

When I got too close to a doe and her fawn, the little one took off using a stotting gait. In this gait, all four feet can be off the ground at the same time. They appear to be flying through the air. This gait allows the animal to make quick turns. It is good for outrunning predators.

little fawn
                    watching me

Fawns are also very curious about their new world. This one was following its mother, but stopped for a moment to check out the photographer.

twin fawns trying to nurse at the same time

These twins were both trying to nurse at the same time. One got there first, so the second one had to wait.

fawn track on
                    top of doe track

This track set tells a story. The mother doe walked ahead and the fawn followed. The fawn stayed very close to its mother and stepped on her track! The fawn's track is only an inch long! Tiny feet!

twin fawns
                    in the forest
Two fawns that were photographed by my trail camera.
Fawns nursing - caught on my trail camera

This is the location where the fawn in the photo below was born. Notice how the doe carefully prepared the area by scraping it clean of leaves. Two fawns were born right here!

One of two fawns that was born in the prepared area in the photo above.
Little one wanting some milk!
Two fawns trying to nurse at the same time!

A doe and tiny fawn caught on my trail camera. The shutter speed was slow, so the doe's head is blurred because she moved.

The site of birth of two fawns.
A doe licking her large fawn as it eats some Scotch broom.

The fawns in the photo above are less than an hour old. They were born right where they are sitting now. I examined the site later. (See photos above of their birth site.) A friend of mine found them and snapped this photo. The youngest fawns I've ever seen! They encountered their first human that day too.

Other Deer Pages on my Site:

Deer Rutting Signs page for signs left by rutting bucks.

Deer Feeding Signs page showing feeding signs left by deer

Deer Scats page 1

Deer Scats Page 2

Deer Bucks Photos

Blacktailed Deer Tracks and Signs Main Page

Deer Tracks and Feet



Find deer posters, greeting cards, postage stamps and more in my new store.

Visit Beartracker's Nature Store online store at:  Happy tracking!!

What else can you find in the nature store? Beartracker's T-shirts, sweatshirts, journals, book bags, toddler and infant apparel, mouse pads, posters, postcards, coffee mugs, travel mugs, clocks, Frisbees, bumper stickers, hats, stickers, and many more items. All with tracks or paw  prints, or nature scenes. Custom products are available. If you don't see the track you want on the product you want, email me and I can probably create it. Proceeds from all sales go to pay the monthly fees for this web site. You can help support this site as well as get great tracking products! Thank you!


Find other tracking products:*



Also visit these fine stores for more products of interest:

NDN Pride shop - For Indian Pride items for all tribes. Custom items available on request.

ASL Signs of Love - For anyone who uses or is learning ASL, American Sign Language. Custom name items and more are available here.

Get Every Child Outdoors (Get E.C.O.) - My shop dedicated to nature and getting kids interested in nature and the outdoors.

Sales from all stores give commissions to Beartracker's Animal Tracks Den, which helps keep this site online as a free service. We are celebrating ten years online this year!



If you wish to help keep this site online, donations are accepted through PayPal.
Beartracker's Animal Tracks Den is provided as a free service, but your
donations are sincerely appreciated to pay the monthly hosting fees.
If you do not wish to donate, we do have a store where you can purchase
custom tracking items.
Thank you and happy tracking!





Got a deer story? E-mail me and tell me about it.

You are visitor number:

Back to Mammals page

Back to the Animal Tracks Den

Copyright 1997, 2009, 2013. Text, photos, and drawings by Kim A. Cabrera

Updated: January 25, 2013.